Parkinsonism in essential tremor cases: a clinicopathological study
Rajput AH, Rajput EF, Bocking SM, Auer RN, Rajput A.
Mov Disord 2019; 34:1031-1040.
Essential tremor and Parkinson’s syndrome are two common movement disorders that may co-occur in some individuals. There is no diagnostic neuropathology for essential tremor, but in PD and other Parkinson’s syndrome variants, the neuropathology is well known. The spectrum of Parkinson’s syndrome variants associated with essential tremor, their clinical features, and course have not been determined in autopsy-confirmed cases.
To identify: diagnostic features of essential tremor/Parkinson’s syndrome, different Parkinson’s syndrome variants, and long-term clinical profile in such cases.
Patients that had an essential tremor diagnosis and a subsequent clinical or pathological diagnosis of Parkinson’s syndrome seen in our clinic during 50 years were included. The diagnosis of parkinsonism was made when bradykinesia, rigidity, and resting tremor were all clinically evident.
Twenty-one cases were included. All the common variants of parkinsonism co-occurred with essential tremor. The most common was PD (67%) followed by PSP. The pathological findings were not predicted clinically in 2 cases that had essential tremor/PD and in all 5 essential tremor/PSP cases.
In most essential tremor/Parkinson’s syndrome patients, the main motor features of parkinsonism-bradykinesia, rigidity, and resting tremor-were identifiable. All known degenerative Parkinson’s syndrome variants co-occurred in essential tremor patients.