Categories
Multiple sclerosis

Is half the standard dose of methylprednisolone sufficient for MS relapses?

Comparison of two high doses of oral methylprednisolone for multiple sclerosis relapses: a pilot, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial.

Hervás-García JV, Ramió-Torrentà L, Brieva-Ruiz L, et al.

Eur J Neurol 2019; 26:525-532.

Abstract

Background:

Oral or intravenous methylprednisolone (≥500 mg/day for 5 days) is recommended for multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses. Nonetheless, the optimal dose remains uncertain. We compared clinical and radiological effectiveness, safety and quality of life (QoL) of oral methylprednisolone [1250 mg/day (standard high dose)] versus 625 mg/day (lesser high dose), both for 3 days] in MS relapses.

Methods:

A total of 49 patients with moderate to severe MS relapse within the previous 15 days were randomized in a pilot, double-blind, multicentre, non-inferiority trial (ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT01986998). The primary endpoint was non-inferiority of the lesser high dose by Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score improvement on day 30 (non-inferiority margin, 1 point). The secondary endpoints were EDSS score change on days 7 and 90, changes in T1 gadolinium-enhanced and new/enlarged T2 lesions on days 7 and 30, and safety and QoL results.

Results:

The primary outcome was achieved [mean (95% confidence interval) EDSS score difference, -0.26 (-0.7 to 0.18) at 30 days (P = 0.246)]. The standard high dose yielded a superior EDSS score improvement on day 7 (P = 0.028). No differences were observed in EDSS score on day 90 (P = 0.352) or in the number of T1 gadolinium-enhanced or new/enlarged T2 lesions on day 7 (P = 0.401, 0.347) or day 30 (P = 0.349, 0.529). Safety and QoL were good at both doses.

Conclusions:

A lesser high-dose oral methylprednisolone regimen may not be inferior to the standard high dose in terms of clinical and radiological response.

This reference is cited in the neurochecklist:

Multiple sclerosis (MS): treatment of relapses

By WesaliusOwn work, CC BY 4.0, Link

Abstract link

By Ibrahim Imam

I am a UK Neurologist keen on general neurology, but with an interest in neuromuscular diseases. I maintain the neurology searchable database, www.neurochecklists.com. I also blog at www.theneurologylounge.com. I share and discuss current issues around clinical neurology. I hope you find my blogs enlightening, practical, and even entertaining.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s