Multiple sclerosis (MS) dominates neurological practice in many parts of the world. This is no doubt because it is a common disorder which favours the young.The typical form, relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), is often easy to recognise and diagnose. The are however other types and variants such as primary progressive MS (PPMS), that often pose a challenge to neurologists to pin down.
There is no single clinical symptom or sign that is pathognomonic of MS. Some presentations are red flags for MS, such as optic neuritis (ON) and transverse myelitis (TM). Many other MS symptoms and syndromes are however non-specific. The ways MS presents are diverse, and below is a list of the 50 different faces of MS.
Transverse myelitis (TM)
Optic neuritis (ON)
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO)
Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD)
Hand muscle atrophy
Balo’s concentric sclerosis
Why not explore the whole of MS with comprehensive checklists? Below are some MS related Neurochecklists to start you off:
Whilst at it, you may also explore the other neuroinflammatory disorders covered in Neurochecklists: