Epilepsy is a very common neurological disorder. Many people feel confident they can recognise an epileptic seizure when they see one. In popular imagination, epilepsy consists of falling to the ground, shaking of the limbs, biting the tongue, and foaming at the mouth.
This is the well-recognised tonic-clonic seizure, formerly called the grand mal! Another fairly common expression of epilepsy is the absence seizure, formerly called the petit mal, which mainly consists of a vacant look. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) also lists the following classical epilepsy types–myoclonic, atonic, tonic, and clonic.
Many people with epilepsy however do not have these straightforward symptoms of epilepsy. There are many other ways epilepsy manifests, and many of these are simply… bizarre. Here is a list of 80 such unusual manifestations of epilepsy, all sourced from neurochecklists.
Loss of speech (aphasia)
Complex hand automatisms
Chest pain (epileptic angina)
Urge to defecate
Piloerection (erection of the hairs)
Walking (gait) induced
Palinacousis (persistence of sounds)
Amnesia (memory loss)
Why not explore all these, including their references, in the following neurochecklists: