80 unusual manifestations of epilepsy

Epilepsy is a very common neurological disorder. Many people feel confident they can recognise an epileptic seizure when they see one. In popular imagination, epilepsy consists of falling to the ground, shaking of the limbs, biting the tongue, and foaming at the mouth.

By http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/L0005931.html, CC BY 4.0, Link

This is the well-recognised tonic-clonic seizure, formerly called the grand mal! Another fairly common expression of epilepsy is the absence seizure, formerly called the petit mal, which mainly consists of a vacant look. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) also lists the following classical epilepsy typesmyoclonic, atonic, tonic, and clonic.

http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/L0005933.html, CC BY 4.0, Link

Many people with epilepsy however do not have these straightforward symptoms of epilepsy. There are many other ways epilepsy manifests, and many of these are simply… bizarre. Here is a list of 80 such unusual manifestations of epilepsy, all sourced from neurochecklists.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/lisanorwood/1046416640

Humming

Singing

Swearing

Whistling

Verbal help-seeking

Religious speech

Barking

Loss of speech (aphasia) 

Blinking

Laughing (gelastic)

A-maze-ing laughter. Chris Huggins on Flikr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/chrishuggins/4675506211

Complex hand automatisms

Gyrating

Dancing

Numbness

Spitting

Pouting 

Kissing

Drinking

Vomiting

Yawning

Big yawn. Björn Rixman on Flikr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/twob/84747799

Orgasm

Apraxia

Hemiparesis

Chest pain (epileptic angina)

Abdominal pain

Neck pain

Limb pain

Headache

Drop attacks

Crying (dacrystic)

Crying. Memekode on Flikr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/memekode/3741745674

Fainting (syncope)

Happiness

Ecstasy

Urinary urgency

Urge to defecate

Piloerection (erection of the hairs)

Light-induced (photosensitive)

Mah-jong induced

Speech-induced

Fear

Day 88-Scary movie. Dee Teal on Flikr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/deeleea/1279982002

Toothbrushing-induced

Orgasm-induced

Walking (gait) induced

Micturition-induced

Pattern-induced

 Eating-induced

Hot water-induced

Touch-induced

Music-induced

Reading-induced

By National Museum of Denmark from Denmark – Two women reading, Japan.Uploaded by palnatoke, No restrictions, Link

Voice-induced 

Smell-induced

Thinking-induced

Toothbrush thinking-induced

Writing-induced

Arithmetic-induced

Drawing-induced

Chess-induced

Problem solving-induced

Forced thinking

Fat Thinker, Shanghai Sculpture Space. William on Flikr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/heyitschili/4840167003

Asystole

Palinacousis (persistence of sounds)

Coughing

Blindness (amaurosis)

Phantom limb

Amnesia (memory loss)

Catastrophic depression

Deafness

Neglect

Running (cursive)

Smiling

Smile! Sean Jackson on Flikr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/sean-b/245744537

 

Why not explore all these, including their references, in the following neurochecklists:

Seizure manifestations

Gelastic seizures

Dacrystic epilepsy

Reflex epilepsy

Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA)

Ecstatic seizures

Negative seizures

 

By _moep_Own work, Public Domain, Link

 

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